Brisbane Travel Guide (QLD, 4000)

Brisbane, the capital of Queensland, may be approached from the south by the regular interstate air routes, by rail or road either up the coast or through the New England Tableland, or by sea. The approach to Brisbane by sea is very attractive. From the entrance to Moreton Bay via the North Passage, the unusual forms of the Glass Mouse Mountains may be seen and then, for 15 miles up the winding Brisbane River, there is a succession of views of mangrove swamps, grassy slopes, and tropics shrubs. Later on the modern residences of the outlying suburbs come into view and finally, as a climax, the skyline of the city itself.

Convict leg irons at the Queensland Museum are a symbol of the city’s brutal beginnings as a prison settlement for the “worst class of offenders”. The city developed from a convict outpost to service the huge hinterland to the west and north and has as its heart a jigsaw of Victorian, Edwardian and glass house-modern architecture overlooking the broad expanse of the Brisbane River.

The city and its suburbs extend for several miles along both sides of the Brisbane River, which curves in and out in a succession of pleasant reaches, each with a background of soft wooded hills. Three large bridges link the north and south sides of the river, and ferries run at all the important points. The principal business centre occupies a bend of the river and is for the mots part on level land. Queen Street, which terminates at the southern end with Victoria Bridge, is the city’s principal thoroughfare, and contains the chief offices of most of the lending commercial houses. Queen and Adelaide streets (intersected by George, Albert and Edward Streets) contain most of the city’s retail shops. The insurance and shipping companies are around Eagle Street, while most of the tourist agencies are clustered together in Adelaide Street, near Anzac Square.

On the outskirts of the city are several prominent hills with splendid views of Brisbane and the Moreton Bay district. The parks and gardens of Brisbane are a special feature and contain splendid collections of native flora.

The City Hall is the most dominant structure in the city. The total cost of this magnificent building was one million pounds, and it occupies two acres in the heart of the city.

The majestic Story Bridge is the main engineering feat in the city. The Brisbane River, itself, is full of scenic delight for the sightseer. The Observatory, in Wickam Terrace, is a building with an historical past and is well worth a visit. Other places of interest to the tourist include Parliament House, at the corner of George and Alice Street; the Public Library in William Street; Queensland Museum and National Art Gallery, at Bowen Park near the Brisbane Showgrounds; and Newstead House, the headquarters of the Queensland Historical Society. The surrounding country offers a diversity of attractions combining mountain and sea and tours are conducted to places of historic and scenic interest. The beaches offer all the year swimming and are, in the main, wide, clean and sandy.

The “City of the Seven Hills” reflects the civic pride of the community and is a city worth visiting.

Anzac War Memorial, Anzac Square | Brisbane

The Anzac War Memorial is in the heart of the city, overlooking a small park below Central Railway Station. The memorial is an open colonnade supporting an entablature of stone and bronze. On the inner face are inscribed the names of battles in which Australian soldiers have fought, and in the centre of the circle of columns is a bronze urn upon which burns the never dying "Flame of Remembrance". ...

Brisbane City Administration Building | Brisbane

The picture shows the Administration Building, in Queens Park, to the east of Elizabeth Street.

General Post Office, Brisbane | Brisbane

The General Post Office is one of Brisbane's most elegant buildings. Constructed of local stone between 1871 and 1879, with a slender-columned upper veranda on an arcaded base. The Building is situated on the site of the former infamous female factory prison.

John Joseph William Molesworth Oxley | Brisbane

John Joseph William Molesworth Oxley (1783 to 1828). John Oxley, Naval Officer and Surveyor arrived in Sydney in 1802. Oxley undertook a number of explorations to inland Australia in search of a belief that he would find an inland sea. On 24 April 1817 he set out to trace to Lachlan River discovering Bathurst Falls shortly after starting. He described the country as: "Impossible to fancy a worse c...

Observatory, Wickham Terrace, Brisbane | Brisbane

There are few buildings in Brisbane that recall so vividly the early life of the settlement as the old Observatory, which stands in a corner of Albert Park at the top of Wickham Terrace. It was erected by convict labour in 1829 as a windmill, with ponderous wooden sails to provide power to grind the convict-grown maize and wheat. Because of some defect, however, the windmill refused to work. Since...

Parliament House, Brisbane | Brisbane

The construction of Parliament House commenced in 1865 to a design by colonial architect Giles Tiffin. The large renaissance-style building features impressive mansard roofs, domed over a central block and tapered at the end wings. Located at the south-western end of the Botanic Gardens or can be approached along Alice Street.

Public Library, William Street, Brisbane | Brisbane

This is one of the finest buildings in Brisbane. The free treatment of the Renaissance style gives grace to a design dignified by the Corinthian columns which form the distinctive feature of the facade. Built as a museum, it was converted to its present use in 1902, when the first free Public Library of Queensland was established. The John Oxley Memorial Library of Australian literature and histor...

St. Johns Cathedral, Ann Street, Brisbane | Brisbane

Occupying a commanding position on the heights overlooking Petrie Bight, is probably the finest of Brisbane's ecclesiastical buildings. The foundation stone was laid by King George V when he visited Australia in 1901 as Duke of Cornwall and York. The Cathedral was designed in the twelfth-century English Gothic style by J. L. Pierson, R.A., who was responsible for Truro Cathedral. Within the cath...

St. Stephens Church Building, Elizabeth Street, Brisbane | Brisbane

This old structure in the grounds of St Stephen's Cathedral is the oldest existing ecclesiastical building in Brisbane, but is not now used as a church. It was designed by Augustus Webley Pugin, who was associated with Sir Charles Barry in drawing up the plans for the Houses of Parliament at Westminster. The church illustrates Pugin's admiration for late Gothic architecture, and is built entirely ...

Bishopsbourne | Milton

Built in 1868 using tufa with sandstone trims Bishopsbourne was home to the first Bishop of Brisbane. The main feature is the arcaded loggias that form a deep shade screen for the living quarters. Pointed gothic arches shape the ecclesiastical look to the building.

Eulalia, Norman Park | Norman Park

Eulalia at Norman Park was built in 1889 of brick with a slate roof. The beautiful wide verandas with decorative frosting of wood and cast iron adds to the character of the beautiful home.

Mansions at Brisbane | Brisbane

The Mansions was built in 1890 and is close to Parliament House and Botanic Gardens. The most unusual building consists of six brick terraces. After the Second World War the government acquired The Mansions for use as offices.

Newstead House, Brisbane | Brisbane

Newstead House is possibly the oldest building in Brisbane built on land purchased in 1845 by pioneer grazier Patrick Leslie. The building has a two storey facade facing the river. In 1847 the house was purchased by Captain John Wickham who made the famous voyage on the 'Beagle' in the company of Charles Darwin.

Oxley Monument, North Quay | Brisbane

This monument is erected on the spot where Lieutenant John Oxley, the Surveyor-General of New South Wales, landed in 1823 to establish the town of Brisbane. He had been sent north by Governor Brisbane to examine Moreton Bay and to find a place suitable for a new penal station. On arrival he found three timber-getters who had been wrecked on the islands fringing the bay, and one of them guided him ...

Queensland Museum, Bowen Park | Brisbane

The Museum will appeal to those interested in animal and marine life. A particularly attractive exhibit is the coral pool, embracing twenty-four different varieties of coral from the Great Barrier Reef, coloured to give a realistic example of what may actually be seen on the reefs of North Queensland. Visitors can reach the Museum, which stands amidst lawns and colourful gardens near the Exhibitio...