History

General Post Office, Martin Place | Sydney

Covering an entire city block, the General Post Office was constructed in three stages from 1866 to 1886. The building is the work of colonial architect James Barnet and was conceived in the form of a great renaissance palazzo with a central 70m high clock tower. There are 20 monumental polished granite columns to the ground floor arcade. The building is simply magnificent.

Gostwyck Woolshed | Gostwyck

Built in 1851 Gostwyck Woolshed was the invention of early pioneer pastoralist Henry Dangar. The tiered roof allowing shearers to work within the building in a circular instead of traditional row format provided superior lighting and ventilation.

Government House, Macquarie St., Sydney | Sydney

Built between 1837 and 1845 with additions in 1873, for the then Governor of New South Wales, Government House is the most sophisticated gothic revival building in the colony. The state rooms were decorated in 1879 by Lyon, Cottier & Co. to coincide with the Sydney International Exhibition of that year. The interiors display an exceptional collection of colonial furniture by leading Sydney craft...

Government House, Melbourne | Melbourne

Government House in Melbourne is probably the largest and most lavishly appointed house in Australia. The building was completed in 1876 by distinguished engineer and architect W. W. Wardell on a site of 11 hectares of landscaped gardens. The 48m high central tower is a central feature of Melbourne's skyline.

Government House, Perth | Perth

Perth was a penal settlement from 1850 to 1868. From 1860 onwards the city experienced a building boom with the widespread use of brick in place of sandstone in every form and variation. Designed in 1859 and finished 4 years later Government House is built of rosy brick with stone quoins with 8 beautiful hatted towers.

Government House, The Domain, Hobart | Hobart

Government House overlooks the Derwent River and adjoins the Botanical Gardens. The House was erected in 1858 during the period of exceptional prosperity which succeeded the discovery of gold in Victoria. The clock in the tower was the first public clock brought to Tasmania.

Grosse Valley & Govertts Leap, Blackheath | Blackheath

Grosse Valley is located in Blue Mountains National Park. One of the best positions to see Grosse Valley is from its Southern side at Govetts Leap or Bolster Point. This spot takes its name from colonial assistant surveyor, William Govett, who discovered it in 1831. It is thought that Govetts Leap may also have been named after an escaped convict turned bushranger named Govett who, as legend has i...

Hamilton Hume and William Hilton Hovell | Lake George

Hamilton Hume and William Hilton Hovell (1797 to 1873). Hamilton Hume was born in Parramatta in 1797. In 1818 he discovered Lake Bathurst and Goulburn Plains. In 1822 he discovered Yass Plains. In 1824 he set off on his first overland expedition from his property at Lake George with instructions from Governor Brisbane to reach Spencer's Gulf on Australia's southern coast. On December 16, 1824 the...

Hero of Waterloo, 81 lower Fort St. | The Rocks

Live music, award winning food, ghost tours and a heritage landmark classification The hero is a must see when visiting The Rocks, There are many stories surrounding The Hero. The best known is that of the tunnel which runs from the cellars of the hotel to the Harbour. The tunnel was used for rum smuggling and involuntary recruitment of sailors. This Historic Australian landmark is classified b...

John Joseph William Molesworth Oxley | Brisbane

John Joseph William Molesworth Oxley (1783 to 1828). John Oxley, Naval Officer and Surveyor arrived in Sydney in 1802. Oxley undertook a number of explorations to inland Australia in search of a belief that he would find an inland sea. On 24 April 1817 he set out to trace to Lachlan River discovering Bathurst Falls shortly after starting. He described the country as: "Impossible to fancy a worse c...

Kiandra Ghost Town | Kosciuszko

Kiandra is now a ghost town. However, evidence of the gold rush giving rise to the town is still to be seen in the ruins and abandoned mines. Visitors can enjoy the town’s heritage walk. The former town lies fourteen km from Yarrongobilly Caves. The Town was the highest town in Australia (1300 metres.) and is snow-bound and isolated often in winter. Ski-ing and other grand winter sports are to...

Lands Department Building, Sydney | Sydney

Located at corner of Macquarie and Bridge Streets the Lands Department Building was constructed between 1877 and 1890 and is arguably the best example of the work of colonial architect James Barnet. Built with beautifully consistent honey coloured sandstone the building yields a magnificent glow in the morning sun. Decorative carvings of early Australian explorers adorn the facade.

Ludwig Leichhardt | Warwick

Leichhardt, a German naturalist, was widely praised and honoured after his 14 month long journey from Brisbane to Port Essington in 1844 to 45. Leichhardt's first expedition left Moreton Bay district in 1844. The expedition covered some 3000 miles. In December 1846 he set out from the Darling Downs with a 9 man party on a journey which he intended to take him north west across Australia and then d...

Macquarie Arms Inn | Windsor

In 1810 Governor Macquarie requested that these three Georgian buildings be erected at Windsor to the north west of Sydney. Francis Greenway designed St Matthews Church which opened in 1820 after the building contract had been taken from Greenway and given to another colonial architect Henry Kitchen. The clock tower on the church was donated by King George IV. St Matthews Church is generally consi...

Magistrate's Courthouse, Adelaide | Adelaide

Magistrate's courthouse, Victoria Square, was built between 1847 and 1850. The building is an early and precious example of a public building in pure Greek revival style.

Matthew Flinders | Sydney

Matthew Flinders (1774 to 1814). In his short life of 40 years the accomplishments of Matthew Flinders are simply overwhelming. At age 15 he joined the Royal Navy, serving under Captain William Bligh, a future governor of New South Wales. After arriving in Sydney in 1795 his first expedition travelled southward from Port Jackson to Botany Bay, which had earlier been entirely surveyed in 1770 by Ca...

Melville Street, Church | Hobart

The main centre of Methodism in Hobart is the Melville Street Church, the foundation-stone of which was laid by Sir John Franklin in 1837. The church, copied from the Wesleyan Chapel, London, was opened in 1840.

Meningoort, Camperdown | Camperdown

Meningoort is probably most people's idea of a classic Australian homestead. The impressive two storey building with sprawling verandas was built in 1854. The present group of buildings were completed in 1886.

Mona Vale, Ross | Ross

Mona Vale is certainly one of the most impressive pastoral homesteads in Tasmania. Construction commenced in 1865 and took years to complete. The style is Italian with bracketed cornices, imposing porch with five arches and a dominant tower. There is a window for every day of the year, 7 entrances, 52 rooms and 12 chimneys.