Sydney Travel Guide (NSW, 2000)

Sydney is a vibrant city bursting with character stretching from the shores of the Pacific Ocean to the foot of the Blue Mountains. Whether you seek exhilaration and exploration or 100% relaxation Sydney boasts an impressive list of urban attractions including dining, shopping and recreation.

The personality of Sydney's dining scene is as distinctive as the city itself, reflecting its multicultural diversity and willingness to embrace new things. Find a fresh approach to flavour combinations at numerous gourmet restaurants, many of which are on the harbour and enjoy outstanding views. While high-end dining experiences are plentiful, cafe society thrives in Sydney's inner precincts and beaches. Paddington and Balmain have flourishing pub-dining scenes and quality food is also on offer at historic pubs in The Rocks.

Sydney's shopping offers everything your heart could desire. The City Centre is home to major retail centres offering a range of boutiques and specialty stores, and international designers including DKNY, Versace and Gucci. Find Australian designers such as Morrissey, Collette Dinnigan and Alannah Hill in Oxford Street, Paddington.

Recreation is a specialty of Sydney's, a city that takes full advantage of its natural environs. Soak up Sydney life on the Bondi to Bronte coastal walk, just one of many on offer. The Rose Bay to Watson's Bay and The Spit to Manly walks hug the harbour offering spectacular views. Challenge yourself by climbing Sydney's Harbour Bridge or enjoy a thrilling jet-boat jaunt.

Gain an insight into Sydney Harbour's history on a cruise, or board a yacht to explore the harbour's hidden coves. For further relaxation experience the holiday feel of Sydney's Northern Beaches stretching from Manly to Palm Beach. Escape to Outer Sydney to explore areas steeped in history and rich in natural beauty.

Feel free to take part in the Sydney experience, tasting the lifestyle along the way!

Anzac Memorial, Hyde Park, Sydney | Sydney

This memorial, to perpetuate the memory of the men and women of New South Wales who served in the first World War, was built from the proceeds of public subscription and a State Government grant. The structure is 100 metres high, its exterior being finished in red granite and the interior in New South Wales white marble. On the main approach is the Lake of Reflections bordered by poplar trees. O...

Archibald Memorial, Hyde Park, Sydney | Sydney

This fountain was erected on the terms of the will of the late J. F. Archibald, a prominent Australian journalist. The work is by the famous sculptor, F. Sicard, and is "Commemorative of Australia and France having fought side by side for the liberties of the world". The sculptor has explained the symbolism as follows: "Apollo (the central figure) represents the Arts (Beauty and Light). Apollo ho...

Conservatorium of Music, Sydney | Sydney

This building, at the northern entrance to the Botanic Gardens, was erected by Governor Macquarie in 1818 as stables for Government House, It is estimated to have cost 30,000. Before the building was completed, however, its "useless magnificence" was much criticized, and it was officially characterized as "a palace for horses, while human beings remained unhoused". To-day it is the State Conservat...

Fort Denison (1913), Sydney Harbour | Sydney

Fort Denison Lighthouse sits on top of the beautiful Martello Tower of Fort Denison. The Fort was built in 1850 in response to the then fears of a Russian invasion. Also known as pinch gut, an infamous name given to the island by convicts chained to the former rocky outcrop and deprived of food. A supply ship called at the fort once a week, and the prison's meager food rations earned it the sobriq...

General Post Office, Martin Place | Sydney

Covering an entire city block, the General Post Office was constructed in three stages from 1866 to 1886. The building is the work of colonial architect James Barnet and was conceived in the form of a great renaissance palazzo with a central 70m high clock tower. There are 20 monumental polished granite columns to the ground floor arcade. The building is simply magnificent.

Government House, Macquarie St., Sydney | Sydney

Built between 1837 and 1845 with additions in 1873, for the then Governor of New South Wales, Government House is the most sophisticated gothic revival building in the colony. The state rooms were decorated in 1879 by Lyon, Cottier & Co. to coincide with the Sydney International Exhibition of that year. The interiors display an exceptional collection of colonial furniture by leading Sydney craft...

Hero of Waterloo, 81 lower Fort St. | The Rocks

Live music, award winning food, ghost tours and a heritage landmark classification The hero is a must see when visiting The Rocks, There are many stories surrounding The Hero. The best known is that of the tunnel which runs from the cellars of the hotel to the Harbour. The tunnel was used for rum smuggling and involuntary recruitment of sailors. This Historic Australian landmark is classified b...

Lands Department Building, Sydney | Sydney

Located at corner of Macquarie and Bridge Streets the Lands Department Building was constructed between 1877 and 1890 and is arguably the best example of the work of colonial architect James Barnet. Built with beautifully consistent honey coloured sandstone the building yields a magnificent glow in the morning sun. Decorative carvings of early Australian explorers adorn the facade.

National Mutual Building, Sydney | Sydney

Constructed in the early 1890s and designed by American architect Edward Raht with a spectacular facade. 13m wide arches support the upper 4 stories.

Observatory Hill, The Rocks, Sydney | Sydney

Observatory Hill was once the site of a stone fort constructed by Governor Phillip. The observatory was erected in 1858 with a tall central tower and a corner structure topped with a revolving dome housing a large telescope. A ball on the staff of the tower once dropped at 1 o'clock each day to provide exact time to harbour shipping.

St Mary's Cathedral, College Street, Sydney | Sydney

Though this cathedral occupies one of the most commanding positions in Sydney, Macquarie's grant of the site in 1821 was unenthusiastically received, its position in "un-reclaimed bush, away from the town proper" being considered totally unsuitable for the purpose. A handsome brick chapel with bell-tower was erected, however, but was destroyed by fire on 29th June 1865, exactly 29 years after its ...

Strand Arcade, Sydney | Sydney

Strand Arcade built in 1891 and links Pitt and George Streets between Market and King Streets is the sole survivor of grand Victorian and Edwardian Edifices that once lined Pitt Street.

Susannah Place Museum, Sydney | The Rocks

Susannah Place is a row of 4 terraces located in the heart of The Rocks that incorporates a working corner shop. Rare in the city, it provides an opportunity to explore domestic working class life from 1844 to the late twentieth century. The many stories collected from former tenants tell the richness of community life that once existed in The Rocks whilst surviving layers of paint, wallpapers a...

Sydney Harbour Bridge | Sydney

This arch bridge, which connects the city with the northern suburbs by a single span, was the largest of its type in the world when it was completed in 1932. Its maximum height above mean high water is 138 metres. It is 48 metres wide, and contains over 50,000 tons of steel work. The length of the span is 502 metres, while the total length of the bridge, including approaches, is 4 kms. Work bega...

Sydney Hospital and Parliament House, Macquarie Street | Sydney

The history of these buildings begins with an extraordinary contract which arose from the colony's lack of a sound currency and the urgent necessity for a general hospital. In 1810, Governor Macquarie agreed to give a syndicate the sole right to import spirits into the colony and to sell it at their own price, in return for the construction of the building, which became known as the "Rum Hospital"...

Sydney Maritime Museum, Pyrmont | Sydney

The Australian National Maritime Museum, on the western shore of Sydney's Darling Harbour, is in a lively heritage precinct with many attractions. The distinctive main building, with a roofline evoking waves and sails, houses exhibitions that explore Australia's links with the sea and how maritime activities and issues have shaped the lives of people in Australia. The exhibitions are arranged aro...

Vaucluse House, Wentworth Rd., Sydney | Vaucluse

Vaucluse House is the old home of William Charles Wentworth who was one of the first three explorers who crossed the Blue Mountains in 1813. Wentworth studied law in England where he was admitted to the bar in 1822, and, on his return to Australia, devoted his life to the improvement of the colony and the lot of the colonists. His keen efforts for the promotion of higher education contributed to t...

History House | Sydney

A grand 3 storey Victorian terrace and sole remnant of many similar buildings that once lined the western side of Macquarie Street to Circular Quay. The headquarters of the Royal Australian Historical Society.

Lord Nelson Hotel, Sydney | The Rocks

In the 1940s the Rocks hosted nearly 40 pubs, mostly disreputable. Only a few survived the cleaning up of the area after a plague scare in 1900s. The Lord Nelson, built in 1934 of local sandstone in colonial Georgian style, claims to be the oldest licensed premises in Sydney.

Parliament House, Sydney | Sydney

The present Parliament House and adjacent former Australian Mint were originally built as a large hospital complex. The north wing of 'Rum Hospital' became the present Parliament House with two end additions subsequently added to the original structure. The building became the home of the Australian Mint in 1853.