Melbourne City - Melbourne, VIC

Melbourne City

The history of the Melbourne is the history of Victoria, and is an outstanding monument to the enterprise of early Australian pioneers.

The founding of Melbourne was influenced by favourable reports submitted to Sydney by Hume and Hovell who explored the Port Phillip district in 1825. Ten years later in May 1835, John Batman, acting as agent for a party of Tasmanian landowners, crossed from that island to select land suitable for sheep farming. He visited the present site of Melbourne and, deciding to establish his headquarters there, marked on his sketch map the area between the River Yarra and Hobson's Bay as "reserved for a township and other public purposes". In his journal he recorded that "this will be the place for a village". The spot where Batman's party first landed is marked by a metal plaque set in the footpath at the corner of Flinders and William Streets.

In little more than two centurys Melbourne has become the seventh largest city of the British Commonwealth of Nations, having, with its inner suburbs, a population of over 4,000,000. Built on the lines laid down by the first surveyors, its symmetry is a monument to their foresight and ability. The business section is approximately two km long and slightly more than a km wide, and contains four principal thoroughfares: Collins Street and Bourke Street running parallel east and west: and Swanston Street and west and Swanston street and Elisabeth Street.

Melbourne has earned its place among the cities of the world. Beautiful gardens and parklands, splendid boulevards and wide thorough-fares are equal to any in the world. Magnificent church spires and tall business houses and hotels make an impressive skyline.


The stately Shrine of Remembrance, in tree-lined St. Kilda Road, can be seen from most parts of the metropolis. Trees and plants from all parts of the world are housed in the spacious Botanic Gardens, which is also the setting for Government House with its 44 metres square tower.

Large public hospitals of architectural splendour are highways in the progress of medical science. The Exhibition Buildings, where the Aquarium is housed, the Public Library and National Museum, the University and Seat of Learning, Captain Cook's Cottage, and the nearby Conservatory in the Treasury Gardens, the Houses of Parliament, are all of special interest to the tourist. The Zoological Gardens, at Royal Park, situated in the midst of extensive parklands, for which Melbourne is noted, are easily accessible by tram and train. At the entrance to Melbourne from St. Kilda Road is St. Paul's Church of England Cathedral, whilst on Eastern Hill stands the majestic Cathedral of St. Patrick.

Day tours are a feature of Melbourne. Splendid day trips can be made to the beautiful Dandenong Ranges, where tall trees, fern gullies and native bird life are delightful features; or to the resorts on the Great Dividing Range where, in winter, the snow sports attract many tourists. Day trips are also available through Gippsland, the home of tall trees and delightful scenery. Boating trips to the upper reaches of the Yarra River, the Maribyrnong River and around Port Phillip Bay are popular. Bayside resorts, with wide clean sandy beaches cater for the tourist. One of the most attractive holiday resorts is Phillip Island, where native bears, seals, mutton birds and penguins make their home.


Melbourne, VIC, 3000