Adelaide City - Adelaide, SA

Adelaide City

Adelaide is one of the best planned cities in Australia and the country’s the fourth largest. Colonel William Light, the State's first Surveyor General, determined both the location and plan of the city in the face of severe criticism and bitter opposition. In the preface to his Brief Journal, published in 1839, Light replied to his critics as folloows: "The reasons that led me to fix Adelaide where it is I do not expect to be generally understood or calmly judged of at present. My enemies, however, by disputing their validity in every particular, have done me the good service of fixing the whole of the responsibility upon me. I am perfectly willing to bear it, and I leave it to posterity and not to them, to decide whether I am entitled to praise or blame."

Adelaide stands on a fertile plain, sloping gently from the Mount Lofty Ranges to the shores of the Gulf of St Vincent. Adelaide is noted for its broad streets. King William Street is the main thoroughfare, and North Terrace is the stateliest boulevard, containing several of the principal public buildings and the State War Memorial. At the eastern end of the Terrace is the main entrance to the Botanic Gardens.

Within easy reach of the city by train or bus are a number of mountain and seaside pleasure resorts. Behind the city are the Mount Lofty Ranges, with their gentle slopes covered with vineyards, olive groves, and almond trees; while in front is the sea coast, and the seaside resorts of Glenelg, Semaphore, and Largs, within a half-hour run.

Location

Adelaide, SA, 5000